- 1cup all-purpose flour
- 1/2cup Wheat flour
- 1/2tbsp active dry yeast
- 2/3cup WaterLuke warm
- 1/2tbsp saltto taste
- 1/4cup extra virgin olive oilsplit
- 1 medium onion
- 2tbsp Lemon Juice
- Pepperto taste
- 1/2kg fresh spinach
- Wash spinach and chop.
- Sprinkle with salt for 15 minutes.
- Squeeze spinach – remove excess water.
- Chop the onions coarsely.
- Mix spinach, onions, salt, pepper, lemon juice, ½ the oil.
- Mix flour, salt, yeast, oil, water.
- Knead until dough is ready.
- Set aside for 15 minutes.
- Make dough balls (15) and set aside for 10 minutes.
- Flatten dough balls and fill with spinach mix, making sure all spinach mix is covered.
- Bake in the pan in a pre-heated oven 275˚ until golden brown.
Contributor: Batoul Muammar, 58
Place: Battir, Palestine
Housewife; volunteer at Battir Heritage food productions.
|Recipe’s Personal Background||How did you learn this recipe?||From mother.|
|Is there some memory/historical event connected to this recipe?||–|
|Personal reference to tradition transmitted by relatives (preparing together, sharing, eating together etc.)?||In old days the making of dough was done and left overnight to let it rise. The dough is made also for bread, thus each woman in the family was making the dough while other women sat together talking about the next day’s menu or their other duties.|
|Mediterranean Background||Any tradition this receipe is connected to? If yes, which one? Can you describe it?||–|
|Any Festivity this recipe is connected to? If yes, which one? Can you describe it?||_|
|Is your recipe connected to the territory you live in? Is it strictly linked to the specificity of the agricultural environment?
||The spinach is grown in big amounts in the villages. Of course it is organic and relatively cheap, thus people like it very much.|
|Season (season this food is linked to)||It is cooked in the beginning of winter.|
|Ingredient||Nutritional Importance||Health Benefits|
|Spinach||1 cup of cut spinach provides:
• 7 calories
• 1.09 g carbohydrates
• 0.7 g dietary fiber
• 0.12 g fat
• 0 mg cholesterol
• 0.86 g protein
|Spinach contains a dozen different flavonoid compounds that function as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agents. Spinach also helps to protect against oxidative stress-related problems, cardiovascular problems, and bone problems.|
|All-purpose flour||1 cup of all-purpose flour provides:
• 455 calories
• 95.3 g carbohydrates
• 3.4 g dietary fiber
• 1.22 g total fat
• 0 mg cholesterol
• 12.9 g protein
|It is better to use enriched all-purpose flour|
|Wheat flour (bread)||Source of carbohydrates. High glycaemic index. The plain/white wheat flour has a low content in fibre and micronutrients when compared with whole wheat flour||Significant health benefits are only found in the whole wheat flour which, compared to normal/white wheat flour, has higher contents of fibre, minerals and anti-oxidant. There are wheat flours enriched with specific vitamins or minerals which, in some cases, can fulfil nutritional deficiencies.|
|Onion||Good source of fibre, vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate, potassium and manganese.||It shows anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. The combination of these properties can prevent some cardiovascular diseases and cancers.|
|Olive oil||Source of mono-unsaturated fat. It contains vitamins E and K.||The main fatty acid of olive oil, oleic acid, is more resistant to oxidation than polyunsaturated oils, reducing total and LDL cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol), while increasing the HDL fraction (“good” cholesterol). The phenolic compound of olive oil has anti-inflammatory properties which softens cell membranes while turning them more resistant to the action of free radicals. This protective effect of olive oil also extends to the decrease of arterial blood pressure, to the strengthening of the immune system and to the prevention of certain types of cancers.|
|Is it suggested to eat this meal if you suffer from some disease? If yes, for which one?||It is suggested to people with diabetes, but in moderate proportions, due to its high content of all-purpose flour. It also prevents cancer and inflammatory diseases.|
|What is the primary base with which your food is prepared? Is this a derivative of oil or another base?||Spinach is a vegetable rich in flavonoids. Other ingredients are white flour, wheat flour which is whole grains and is rich in fibers, onions and olive oil.|
|What nutrition related illnesses or deficiencies are common in your area? Are there holistic or nutrition based remedies connected to these aliments?||–|